Recent additions, changes and updates to the Alexis site

Insignia

Contact Dr Gheorghe, the coordinator, at alexis_project@yahoo.com for further information about the Alexis Project:

Email: alexis_project@yahoo.com

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Timiseni/Rovinari-Gorj fossils



coal mining machine
This massive machine is used in the open cut process to mine coal. The fossils below are both uncovered by these machines, and the exposed fossils are then destroyed by the machines in the process of digging for coal.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


coal strip mining
The strip mining process removes the overburden, exposing the coal, which is then collected by the huge machines to be stockpiled to produce energy. As can be seen, the process lays waste to the environment.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


coal strip mining
The machines expose the layers laid down millions of years ago. The coal layer is relatively thin at this site.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


coal exposed by the machines
The coal in this area is not of high quality, but it can be burnt to provide energy.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


shell fossils exposed by the machines
The fossils are also exposed and destroyed in this process.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe






gastropods This map is of the Balkan Peninsula showing basins that existed during the Tertiary (66.4 million - 1.6 million years ago). Subtropical vegetation formed peat deposits in shallow, swampy waters along the basin margins. Subsequent burial and heating of the peat created lignite.

Importantly for our purposes, it shows the extent of the Dacian Basin, also called Lake Oltenia, which covered most of Romania during the Tertiary. It is the source not only of the peat, but also of the marl which underlies it, and the associated molluscs and gastropods, including a rich variety of Melanopsis (sp.) shells, typically with raised ridges on the whorls and with pronounced growth rings.

The map is adapted from Jasko S: Lignitbildung im Pliozaen in Suedost-Europa; Lignite formation in the Pliocene of southeastern Europe (In German). Braunkohle 1973; 25: 67-71.


The fossiliferous site is located in the north of Oltenia, in the Gorj district, near the town of Rovinari, in the Timiseni village area. There are many open cut coal mines, but many of them are closed for economic reasons.

The fossils are found at the surface, uncovered and cleaned by rain and snow. The fossils are found in "level 10", and are about 3 5000 000 years old, from the time of the ancient lake of Oltenia which covered the entire region of Oltenia, from the Danube River to the Hatzeg mountains.

There are many fossils there, a mammoth was discovered in the same area, and there are also neolithic artefacts.

fossil wood
Shells from the ancient lake.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe






fossil wood
This photo shows a piece of ancient wood, found deep in the earth, from one of the ancient forests of the area.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


burnt clay
Sometimes the wood or peat or coal burns or oxidises with enough heat to turn surrounding clay into a brick like compound, as shown in this photograph.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


coal
Usually, however, this wood becomes coal, which is mined with large machines in either open cut or deep mines.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe


coal
This is a photo of an endocast, in which clay has hardened around the branch of a tree, and has completely replaced the wood.

Photo: Adrian Gheorghe






Recent additions, changes and updates to the Alexis site

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This site is to publicise the history and culture of Romania, and displays information from the Alexis Project Association

Alexis Project Filiasi/Romania
RC J/263/230/2007 CIF 21464151
Email: alexis_project@yahoo.com




If you have any photographs or information which would be useful for this site please contact Don Hitchcock


This page last modified Monday, 24th January, 2011 02:17am


Webmaster: Don Hitchcock

Email: don@donsmaps.com


My Archaeology website: http://donsmaps.com/